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Foods to Eat and Foods to Avoid for Diabetes
November 11, 2016
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition where your body is not able to process carbohydrates effectively. Normally when we eat carbohydrates, our body will break it into glucose and produce a hormone called insulin so glucose could enter the cells. People with diabetes has problem with their insulin producing. Insulin is a hormone that allow blood sugar to enter cells. Having too low or too high blood sugar can cause severe harm.
Although diabetes is a complicated disease, maintaining good blood sugar level can greatly reduce the risk of complications such as heart disease and stroke.
Study has shown that people with diabetes showing improvement in blood sugar control while on low-carb diet. Here a list of food to eat and avoid for low-carb diet.
- Winter squash, for examples: pumpkin, butternut (1 cup or less).
- Liquor (50 grams).
- Dry red or white wine (120 grams).
Reducing carbs usually lowers insulin level which causes the kidney to release sodium or water. Don't be afraid to add some salt to your meals. However, if you have congestive heart failure, kidney disease, or high blood pressure, talk to your doctor before increasing the amount of sodium in your diet.
Foods to avoid:
- Bread, pasta, cereal, corn, rice, and other grains.
- Starchy vegetables for examples: potatoes, sweet potatoes.
- Legumes, for examples: peas, lentils, beans.
- Fruits other than berries
- Juices, soda, sweetened tea, etc.
- Desserts, baked goods, candy, ice cream, etc.
In addition to following a low-carb diet, physical activity, quality sleep, and stress management can further improve diabetes control. Combination of resistance training and aerobic exercise can also help by improving insulin sensitivity.